The Winter Banana varieties are capable of withstanding colder climates. They can survive even cold weather conditions that are not typical for banana cultivation. Traditional bananas require warmer and tropical climates for proper growth and fruiting, as they do not tolerate cold and frost. These varieties are sought after in areas where these conditions are not present. They are generally smaller and have a shorter growth cycle compared to traditional bananas, but they can still produce fruit, although they mostly serve as ornamental plants in colder regions’ gardens.
Winter Banana Varieties
Here are some cold-resistant banana varieties that can survive and potentially bear fruit in relatively colder climates.
This variety is extremely popular among gardeners in colder climates. Musa basjoo is native to Japan and is a fast-growing variety that can reach heights of 2-3 meters. It can withstand cold weather conditions ranging from -15 degrees Celsius. During the cold months, it goes into dormancy but regenerates in spring. It is often planted as a decorative plant in Europe and North America, and although it may develop fruit, it is not suitable for consumption. Its decorative value lies in its large, glossy leaves and attractive cream-yellow flowers.
This variety also tolerates cold and low temperatures relatively well. Musa sikkimensis is a more delicate variety often grown as a perennial or in containers. It is one of the most attractive frost-resistant bananas suitable for both gardens and pots. In cold climates, it is advisable to plant it in a protected location, such as near walls or fences, to shield it from cold winds, as it doesn’t handle them well. Its leaves can get damaged at temperatures as low as -3 degrees Celsius. Its care is similar to that of Musa Basjoo, and it prefers slightly acidic soil.
Musa basjoo ‘Sakhalin’
This variety is a hybrid of the Musa basjoo species imported from Russia’s Sakhalin Island. The ‘Sakhalin’ variety, also known by that name, is even more cold-resistant and can withstand temperatures as low as -20 degrees Celsius. When planted in Europe and colder climates, there is a chance for this variety to bear fruit as well. Its care is the same as for Musa Basjoo.
Caring for Winter Bananas
Before planting, prepare the carefully selected location. They prefer areas with nutrient-rich, high-quality soil and proper drainage. Aim for a sunny, sheltered, south-facing spot. During maintenance, ensure regular watering, especially during dry periods. Cold-resistant bananas can also benefit from nutrient-rich soil and occasional fertilization.
It’s important to note that although these varieties are more resistant to cold, they still require proper care and protection against extreme cold weather or frost. Therefore, it’s advisable to mulch the base of the plant to protect it from severe frosts. Trim the plant back to about 60 cm after the first frosts, and consider covering the trunk as well.
If kept in containers, after the first frosts, move them to a cool but bright place where they can overwinter with reduced watering.
It’s worth noting that cold-resistant banana varieties in Europe generally cannot produce fruit as abundantly as tropical climate varieties. Due to climatic conditions, production and yield may be limited. However, as ornamental or visually striking plants, they can be extremely attractive in gardens and, under suitable conditions, may even bear fruit. Winter bananas are wonderful plants kept as ornamentals that can survive in colder climates compared to tropical varieties and potentially produce fruit.
Back to the articles in the category